Leipzig: Barth, 1896. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION, FULL VOLUME, OF THE NOBLE PRIZE WINNING DISCOVERY AND ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE ZEEMAN EFFECT: THE SPLITTING OF A SPECTRAL LINE INTO COMPLICATED MULTIPLE PATTERNS WHEN IN THE PRESENCE OF A STATIC MAGNETIC FIELD. This work bears the blind ownership stamp of the Swiss physicist Eduard Hagenbach-Bischoff after whom the Hagenbach-Bischoff quota, “a formula used in some voting systems based on proportional representation” is named (Wikipedia). This small volume includes three volumes of Verhandlungen der Physikalischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin 1895 and 1896 bound together.
"The Zeeman effect not only opened a new world of facts which interest the physicist, the chemist, and even the astronomer, but the study also contributed - to an extent much greater than the study of the Stark effect - to the conceptual development of quantum theory" (Jammer). “In 1896, at the request of Lorentz, [Zeeman] began investigating the effect of magnetic fields on a light source and discovered what is now known as the Zeeman effect. This discovery proved Lorentz theory of electromagnetic radiation… It is by way of the Zeeman Effect that astronomers cam measure the strength of the magnetic field on the surface of the sun, or other stars. Scientists were not able to fully understand the Effect until the development of quantum mechanics in the 1920s. In 1902, Zeeman and Lorentz were jointly awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, for their research into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomenon” (Pieter Zeeman Website).
Today, the Zeeman Effect is one of the principles that underlie nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Mossbauer spectroscopy. Zeeman’s paper was first presented to the Royal Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam in a paper entitled “Over den Invloed eener Magnetisatie op den Aard van het door een Stof uitgezonden Licht” in 1896. The 1896 original and this first English translation includes his Zeeman’s understanding of “small molecular elements charged with electricity,” and a rough calculation of the charge to mass ratio of these ‘ions’” (Nature Physics Portal). In 1902, Zeeman and Lorenz were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for “the extraordinary service they rendered by their researches into the influence of magnetism upon radiation phenomena” (Nobel Prize Portal).
Note that we offer separately the first English translation of this paper as well: “The Effect of Magnetisation on the Nature of the Light Emitted by a Substance,” in Nature, Vol. 55, 1897.
ALSO INCLUDED: Max Planck’s memorial address upon the death of Heinrich Hertz in a month earlier (on January 1). “Gedáchtnissrede auf Heinrich Hertz“ [also referred to as Heinrich Rudolf Hertz: Rede zu seinem Gedáchtnis am 16 February 1894], pp. 9-29. Planck gave the address “Berlin Physical Society, in which he emphasized Hertz’ role in the development of Maxwell’s theory and electromagnetic waves” (Jagdish, Golden Age of Theoretical Physics, 28). Item #1022
CONDITION & DETAILS: Leipzig: Barth. Complete, volumes 13-15 bound together in contemporary boards. Provenance: Volume bears the blind ownership stamp of the Swiss physicist Eduard Hagenbach-Bischoff after whom the Hagenbach-Bischoff quota, “a formula used in some voting systems based on proportional representation” is named (Wikipedia). No institutional markings save for the appearance of an issue front page for volume 14 on front paste down with one sentence underlined. Tightly and solidly bound; minor rubbing and scuffing at the edges. Occasional minor toning within. Largely bright and clean. See photos. Very good.