London: Macmillan, 1914. 1st Edition. FIRST ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF LAMARCKIAN EVOLUTIONARY THEORY – “A CLASSIC IN THE LITERATURE OF EVOLUTIONARY THEORY” (Printing and the Mind of Man, 262), this copy bearing the ownership stamp of John Zachary Young, the English zoologist and neurophysiologist described as “one of the most influential biologists of the 20th century” (Wikipedia; Lichtman and Sanes, "Translation Neuroscience," Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, 3485-3487). [Note that we offer one of Young's important works separately].
Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet, chevalier de Lamarck (1744 – 1829) was a “French naturalist best known for his classification of invertebrates and his introduction of evolutionary theories. Lamarck's theory of evolution, or “Lamarckism,” asserts that life forms arise by a continuous process of gradual modification. To explain this process he proposes that animals pass on to their offspring useful traits and characteristics acquired during their lifetimes” (History of Physics: The Wenner Collection).
First published in French in 1809 as Philosophie Zoologique, this work is the most extensive and complete presentation of Lamarck’s theories. The first two parts restate and elaborate upon his 1802 work on evolution “which attributes evolution to two factors: the tendency of species toward increasing complexity, and the influence of the environment, which he considered responsible for these variations from the norm. The third part contains the most important additions to the earlier theories. In this section Lamarck deals in great detail with the problem of a physical explanation for the emergence of higher mental facilities ...
“Lamarck's breakthrough was tying a progressive development of higher mental facilities in a physical way to structural development of the nervous system ... Higher mental faculties could emerge precisely because they were a product of increased structural complexity ... For Lamarck one of the most important events in the evolutionary process was the development of the nervous system, particularly the brain, because at that point animals began to form ideas and control their movements' (Dictionary of Scientific Biography).
This work is fully titled: Zoological Philosophy, An Exposition of Considerations Relating to the Natural History of Animals; The Diversity of Their Organisation and the Faculties Which They Derive From It: The Physical Causes Which Maintain Life Within Them and Give Rise to Their Various Movements; Lastly, Those Which Produce Feeling and Intelligence in Some Among Them. “Although Darwin initially disparaged Lamarck's work, he later amended his opinion, stating in the 'Historical Introduction' to the third edition of On the Origin of Species that Lamarck ‘first did the eminent service of arousing attention to the probability of all change in the organic as well as in the inorganic world being the result of law, and not of miraculous intervention'” (London: 1861, p. xiii). Item #1226
CONDITION & DETAILS: Provenance: Bears a few ownership stamps reading “J. Z. Young, Magdalen College, Oxford”. John Zachary Young contribution to neurobiology was stunning: “He was the first to recognize something that would have revolutionize the treatment of those injured in battle: the ability for regrowth in the damaged nerves of squid and octopi” (Lichtman and Sanes). Complete. 8vo. [9 x 6.25 inches].[xcii], 410, . Solidly bound in publisher’s original green cloth, gilt-lettered at the spine; slight scuffing and rubbing at the edge tips; small closed tear at the foot of the spine. Clean throughout.