Washington DC: American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2004. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION IN ORIGINAL PAPER WRAPS OF THE NOBEL PRIZE WINNING DISCOVERY OF GRAPHENE, A FORM OF CARBON JUST ONE ATOM THICK – THE THINNEST MATERIAL & FIRST TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIAL EVER DISCOVERED, AS WELL AS ONE OF THE STRONGEST MATERIALS IN THE UNIVERSE. In this paper, Dutch–Russian physicist Andre Konstantin Geim and the Russo–British physicist Konstantin Sergeevich Novoselov first announce their discovery and production of graphene. “As a conductor of heat it outperforms all other known materials. It is almost completely transparent, yet so dense that not even helium, the smallest gas atom, can pass through it” (Nobel Foundation, Nobel Prize in Physics 2010 for Graphene – “Two-dimensional Material).
“Graphite has been a known quantity for a long time (humans have been using it since the Neolithic era). Its atomic structure is well documented, and for a long time, scientists pondered whether single layers of graphite could be isolated. Until recently, however, graphene was merely a theory, as scientists were unsure if it would ever be possible to slice graphite down to a single, atom-thin sheet. The first isolated sample of graphene was discovered in 2004 by Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov at the University of Manchester. One might expect that they isolated the fabled substance using some massive, expensive piece of machinery, but the tool they used was amusingly simple: A roll of scotch tape.
“When using tape to polish a large block of graphite, the researchers noticed exceptionally thin flakes on the tape. Continuing to peel layer and layer from the flakes of graphite, they eventually produced a sample as thin as possible. They had found graphene,” a flake of carbon just one atom thick (Nicol, What is graphene? Stronger than steel, thinner than paper, graphene could be the future of tech, Digital Trends, Nov. 1, 2019). “The discovery was so bizarre, the scientific world was skeptical at first,” thinking it impossible for such thin crystalline materials to be stable (ibid). The popular journal Nature even rejected their paper on the experiment twice. Eventually, their research was published [in the paper offered here] and in 2010 Geim and Novoselov were awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for their discovery (ibid).
It is extremely unusual for a Nobel Prize to be awarded just 6 years after publication, but graphene is extraordinary. Beyond all the implausible yet actual properties already listed, “physicists can now study a new class of two-dimensional materials with unique properties. Graphene makes experiments possible that give new twists to the phenomena in quantum physics. Also a vast variety of practical applications now appear possible including the creation of new materials and the manufacture of innovative electronics. Graphene transistors are predicted to be substantially faster than today’s silicon transistors and result in more efficient computers” (ibid). Item #1406
CONDITION & DETAILS: Washington DC: AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science), 2004. First Edition. 8vo. Original pictorial wrappers with NO ADDRESS LABEL. 8vo. Fine. Pristine condition inside and out.