Oxford: Clarendon Press. FIRST EDITION IN ORIGINAL WRAPS OF THE FIRST SEPARATE PRINTING OF THE ENGLISH VERSION OF MAX PLANCK’S FAMOUS NOBEL PRIZE ADDRESS. The wraps are housed in a custom clamshell case, gilt-lettered at the spine.
Max Planck was awarded the 1918 Nobel Prize in Physics (received in 1919)"in recognition of the services he rendered to the advancement of Physics by his discovery of energy quanta" (Nobel Prize Committee).
After studying the problems of radiation processes, Planck grew interested in the problem of the distribution of energy in the spectrum of full radiation. “Experimental observations on the wavelength distribution of the energy emitted by a black body as a function of temperature were at variance with the predictions of classical physics. Planck was able to deduce the relationship between the energy and the frequency of radiation” (Nobel Prize Portal).
“When a black body is heated, electromagnetic radiation is emitted with a spectrum corresponding to the temperature of the body, and not to its composition. Calculating the form of the spectrum using then-known physical laws gave an unreasonable result; the radiation in the high-frequency area of the spectrum became infinite. Max Planck solved this problem in 1900 by introducing the theory of "quanta", that is, that radiation consists of quanta with specific energies determined by a new fundamental constant, thereafter called Planck's constant” (ibid).
In his speech, Planck said: “As a man who has devoted his whole life to the most clearheaded science, to the study of matter, I can tell you as a result of my research about the atoms this much: There is no matter as such! All matter originates and exists only by virtue of a force which brings the particles of an atom to vibration and holds this most minute solar system of the atom together. . . . We must assume behind this force the existence of a conscious and intelligent Mind. This Mind is the matrix of all matter” (Planck, The Origin and Development of the Quantum Theory). Item #1428
CONDITION & DETAILS: Oxford: The Clarendon Press. (9.5 x 6.5 inches; 238 x 163mm). , 1. Tiny (very) small stamp in upper left corner of front wrap. Reads "Robert B. Sosman" (see scan). Bound in original wraps, near fine condition inside and out. The wraps are housed in a custom clamshell case, gilt-lettered at the spine.