New York: Macmillan & Co., 1894. First published in 1889, Natural Inheritance is Galton’s pioneering work and is “the first statistical study of biological variation and inheritance"(Garrison & Morton No. 233). The product of fifteen years of work, Natural Inheritance introduced Galton’s complete theory (including the use of regression) and it laid the foundation for statistical studies in heredity.
“If one individual can be credited as the founder of the field of behavioral & educational statistics [it] is Galton. He is responsible for the terms correlation, discovered the phenomenon of regression to the mean, & is responsible for the choice of r (reversion or regression) to represent the correlation coefficient” (Clauser p. 440). “Contemporary scientists often take the correlation coefficient for granted [not] appreciating that before Galton…the only means to establish a relationship between variables was to deduce a causative connection. [Prior to Galton] there was no way to discuss let alone measure the association between variables that lack a cause-effect relationship” (Samuel, Correlation p. 26).
Sir Francis Galton (1811-1922) was a Victorian polymath, anthropologist, explorer, inventor, meteorologist and statistician, geographer, meteorologist, founder of differential psychology, inventor of fingerprint identification, pioneer of statistical correlation and regression, convinced hereditarian, eugenicist, proto-geneticist, half-cousin of Charles Darwin and best-selling author. He created the statistical concepts of regression and correlation and was the first to apply statistical methods to the study of human differences and inheritance of intelligence. He was a pioneer in eugenics, coining the term ‘eugenics’ and the phrase ‘nature versus nurture.’ NOTE: We separately offer other works by Galton. Item #1483
CONDITION & DETAILS: New York: Macmillan & Co. 8vo. [ix], 259, . Illustrated. Armorial bookplates on the front pastedown and front flyleaf; library stamp on title page last page of the index. Tightly bound in original maroon cloth. A few chips at the outer edges of a few pages. Bright and clean throughout. Very good.