Lancaster: American Institute of Physics, 1939. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION, FIRST PRINTING of Bethe's seminal papers on neucleosynthesis, "Energy Production in Stars" and "Energy Production in Stars II." Full volume inclusive of many other important papers.
Bethe's work on nuclear reactions relied heavily on the development of quantum mechanics, and resulted in the occurance of some classically forbidden reactions; and this same work led him to discover the reactions that supply the energy in stars. Realizing that a far more rapid increase "was needed to explain the vastily larger energy production in hotter stars," Bethe discovered "the CNO cycle and computed its properties, [telling himself that] to obtain a steeper energy dependence he had to find a reaction involving a higher potential barrier, i.e., a nucleus with a higher charge" (Brandt, Harvest of the Century, 261-262). Proceeding systematically through the Periodic Table, Bethe finally got to carbon. As he wrote "in the case of carbon the reaction works out beautifully" (ibid). Bethe's Nobel Prize represents the first time an astrophysical subject was recognized by the Nobel Committee.
SLIZARD & ZINN's "Instantaneous Emission of Fast Neutrons in the Interaction of Slow Neutrons with Uranium" confirmed 'instantaneous' neutron multiplication, showing that it meets the requirement for nuclear bombs. Some argue this is one of the most important papers in atomic/nuclear physics.
TOLMAN's "Static Solutions of Einstein's Field Equations for Spheres of Fluid" described his method for applying Einstein's field equations to static spheres of fluid.
OPPENHEIMER & VOLKOFF applied Tolman's method to calculate the gravitational equilibrium of a neutron star and predict the conditions under which it will continue collapsing into a black hole.
BOHR's "Resonance in Uranium and Thorium Disintegrations and the Phenomenon of Nuclear Fission" is Bohr's attempt to begin an explanation of nuclear fission.
ANDERSON, FERMI & HANSTEIN's "Production of Neutrons in Uranium Bombarded by Neutrons" provided the first estimation of the magnitude of neutron multiplication showing that it meets the requirement for sustained nuclear fission.
RABI, MILLMAN, KUSCH, ZACHARIAS's "The Molecular Beam Resonance Method for Measuring Nuclear Magnetic Moments" is the author's indepth paper on their use of NMR to determine nuclear magnetic moments.
1939 is often spoken of as the second (think Einstein) most productive year in the history of physics. Together with Volume 56 (also listed), this volume includes an astonishingly large selection of important papers. Item #287
CONDITION & DETAILS: Lancaster: American Institute of Physics, 1939. Royal 8vo. (10.5 x 8 inches); 267 x 203mm. Entire volume in contemporary full black cloth, gilt-lettered at the spine. Ex-libris with minimal markings. Very light and slight ghosting at the spine from the removal of a label -- all but invisible. Small stamp (covered) on the title page. Tightly and very solidly bound. Bright and very clean throughout. Near fine condition.