Lancaster: American Physical Society, 1852. 1st Edition. FIRST EDITION IN ORIGINAL WRAPS of both parts I and II of David Bohm's deterministic Hidden Variables Approach to Quantum Theory. Bohm's 'Hidden Variables' interpretation is the basis of the De Broglie-Bohm Theory (or Bohmian Mechanics) and extends the Pilot Wave Theory to cover multiple particles. Bohm published an account of quantum theory that was fully deterministic, but which gave exactly the same experimental predictions as those of conventional quantum mechanics. In this theory, probabilities arise from ignorance of certain details. This remarkable discovery led John Bell to re-examine von Neumann's argument stating that this was impossible and to exhibit the flawed assumption on which this erroneous conclusion had been based" (Polkinghorne, Quantum Theory). ALSO included is Bohm and Pine's seminal quartet of papers, "A Collective Description of Electron Interactions: II. Collective vs. Individual Particle Aspects of the Interactions." The papers illustrate the Bohm-Pines idea that the physics of the electron fluid can be divided up into high-energy collective "plasmon modes" and low energy electron quasiparticles. In this landmark group of papers, Bohm and Pines realized that they could realized that they could separate the strongly interacting gas via a unitary transformation into two well-separated sets of excitations, high-energy collective oscillations of the electron gas, called plasmons, and low energy electrons. The Pines-Bohm paper is a progenitor of the idea of renormalization: the idea that high-energy modes of the system can be successively eliminated to give rise to a renormalized picture of the residual low energy excitations. Part II present here specifically breaks the theoretical practice into six elements. ALSO included in this volume is C. N. Yang's seminal paper "The Spontaneous Magnetization of a Two-Dimensional Ising Model" in which the model is calculated exactly with the result also giving the long-range order in the lattice. This is the first publication of a derivation for the square lattice and Yang's proof is considered a mathematical tour-de-force. ALSO included are the following other papers of great import: Deutsch and Brown's letter "Zeeman Effect and Hyperfine Splitting of Positronium" and Bethe and Butler's "A Proposed Test of the Nuclear Shell Model." Item #405
CONDITION & DETAILS: Lancaster: American Physical Society. Volume 85, 1952. Quarto. (10.5 x 8 inches; 262 x 200mm). Original wraps, complete issue housed in custom maroon cloth covered box that is gilt-lettered at the spine and on the front board. Minor fading around the edges of the journal issue; professional repair at the spine. Bright and clean within. Very good condition.