New York: American Institute of Physics, 1972. 1st Edition. BOUND FIRST EDITION OF ANTHONY JAMES LEGGETT’S NOBEL PRIZE WINNING PAPER ON THE SUPERFLUIDITY OF HELIUM-3, ”one of the holy grails of condensed matter physics” (Bishop, Recent Progress in Many-Body Theories, 4). Widely regarded as a world leader in low-temperature physics, in this paper Leggett “explains how atoms interact with one another in a superfluid”; specifically, he details “the anomalous superfluidity of helium-3…using the principles of quantum mechanics (Nndb). Leggett’s work in this paper greatly advanced our understanding of how matter transitions from one phase to another (Rezende, Chronology of Science, 396). This volume also contains Osheroff, Richardson, Gully and Lee’s Nobel Prize winning discovery of superfluidity in helium-3.
In the 1920s, physicists discovered “that when isotopes of helium are cooled to extremely low temperatures they lose all viscosity, a property called superfluidity” (Rezende). Leggett’s research has been instrumental in shaping our understanding of superfluid and normal liquids (as well as strongly coupled superfluids).
In this paper, Leggett explains “the anomalous superfluidity of Helium-3… using the principles of quantum mechanics” (Nndb). “Helium exists in two stable forms: the normal Helium-4 with two neutrons and two protons, and Helium-3 with one neutron and two protons. The two show very different superconducting properties at very low temperatures” (ibid). Leggett draws an analogy between ferro-magnets and liquid Helium-3 “to explain the theory of superfluid Helium-3” (ibid).
Along with Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg, Leggett was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physics "for pioneering contributions to the theory of superconductors and superfluids" (Nobel Prize website).
ALSO INCLUDED (pp. 920-923): FIRST EDITION OF OSHEROFF, RICHARDSON, & LEE’S NOBEL PRIZE WINNING DISCOVERY OF SUPERFLUIDITY IN HELIUM 3. Superfluidity is one “of the greatest physics discoveries in the first half of the 20th century” (Donnelly, The Discovery of Superfluidity, Physics Today, July 1995, 30). The discovery of superfluidity in helium 3 was very unexpected – so unexpected that the paper submitted by Osheroff et al. was initially rejected by Physical Review Letters; it simply wasn’t believed. Item #682
CONDITION & DETAILS: Rome, New York: American Institute of Physics. 4to (10.5 x 8 inches; 263 x 200mm). Entire volume, 1214 pp. Ex-libris with some markings (pictorial plate on paste down, however no spine markings whatsoever). Illustration: In-text figures throughout. Exterior: Bound in red buckram with a gilt-lettered spine. Tight, solid. Near fine. Interior: Bright and very clean throughout. Near fine condition.